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Part 1 : Progressive Railroading's Passenger Rail at a Glance 2019: Preface
Part 2 : Progressive Railroading's Passenger Rail at a Glance 2018: Amtrak, California, & Colorado
Part 3 : Progressive Railroading's Passenger Rail at a Glance 2019: District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia and Illinois
Part 4 : Progressive Railroading's Passenger Rail at a Glance 2019: New Jersey, New York, Oregon and Pennsylvania
Part 5 : Progressive Railroading's Passenger Rail at a Glance 2019: Texas, Virginia and Washington
New Jersey Transit is the nation’s largest statewide public transit system providing more than 925,000 weekday trips on bus, light rail, commuter rail and Access Link paratransit. Service launched: Light rail, 1930s; commuter rail, 1979 Route miles: Light rail, 116 directional route miles; commuter rail operates on 468 route miles Rolling stock: 188 locomotives, average age 16 years; 1,098 rail cars, average age 20 years; 93 LRVs, average age 16 years Cars/locomotives on order: 17 ALP45A dual power locomotives; expected delivery of first locomotive in December 2019; manufactured by Bombardier Annual ridership: 23.7 million, light rail; 88.6 million, commuter rail Annual operating cost: $2.39 billion agency systemwide (includes bus) Annual capital cost: $1.42 billion agency systemwide (includes bus) Stations: 62 light rail, 165 commuter rail Major capital projects: Positive train control work continues; rail infrastructure improvement needs, such as the Raritan River Bridge expansion and County Yard expansion.
MTA Long Island Railroad (LIRR) is the busiest commuter railroad in North America, logging a modern record-high ridership of 89.8 million trips in 2018. The LIRR operates electrical multiple unit (EMU) and diesel-hauled coach commuter railroad service. The network has 11 branches and operates in five counties of New York State, Nassau and Suffolk counties on Long Island, and the New York City boroughs of Queens, Brooklyn and Manhattan. Service launched: 1834 Route miles: 320 Rolling stock: 45 locomotives, average age 21 years; 1,120 rail cars, including diesel, average age 18 years Cars/locomotives on order: 92 EMUs manufactured by Kawasaki, with expected delivery in third-quarter 2019 Annual ridership: 89.8 million (2018) Annual operating cost: $1.6 billion Annual capital cost: $600 million (approximately) Stations: 124 Major capital rail improvement projects: The LIRR Main Line Expansion Project, which will add a third track between Floral Park and Hicksville and eliminate seven grade crossings, broke ground in 2018. Expected completion: 2022. Cost: $2.1 billion. Third Track Constructors (3TC) was awarded the project contract in December 2017.
MTA Metro-North was created in 1983 when the Metropolitan Transportation Authority assumed control of Conrail’s suburban and commuter operations in the states of New York and Connecticut. Metro-North operates five main lines, including the Hudson, Harlem and New Haven, each extending over 70 miles north and east from Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan. The lines serve 111 stations. The railroad also serves the 95-mile Port Jervis and 30-mile Pascack Valley lines west of the Hudson River. Those lines extend north from New Jersey Transit’s terminal in Hoboken, New Jersey, and connect with service from Penn Station in New York City, at Secaucus Transfer. They serve 11 stations in New York state. Service launched: Commuter rail, 1983 Route miles: 384 Rolling stock: 67 locomotives average age 19 years; 1,159 rail cars, average age 16 years Cars/locomotives on order: 60 EMUs manufactured by Kawasaki; expected delivery in 2020. Annual ridership: 86.6 million, commuter rail Annual operating cost: $1.6 billion Annual capital cost: Five-year program, $2.46 billion Stations: 124 Major capital improvement projects: Metro-North has a $2.46 billion capital plan programmed over five years from 2015-19. This comprehensive program includes investments in safety, fleet, right of way, stations, communications, signals, power, yards and maintenance shops. The majority of the program is dedicated to achieving and maintaining a state of good repair for railroad assets. Major projects in this five-year period include positive train control, Grand Central Terminal train shed repairs, station rehabilitation/replacement, extensive customer service initiatives, bridge repair/replacements and replacement of structures at the Croton-Harmon fleet maintenance shop.
The New York City subway opened in 1904. It travels through underground tunnels and elevated structures in the boroughs of Manhattan, Queens, Brooklynand the Bronx. On Staten Island, New York City Transit’s Staten Island Railway links 22 communities. Miles: 656 mainline track Rolling stock: 6,418 subway cars Annual ridership: 1.7 billion (2018) Annual operating costs: NA Annual capital costs: NA Stations: 472 Major capital improvement projects: In May 2018, NYCT launched Fast Forward, a 10-year, $40 billion plan to modernize subway and bus systems. The plan calls for updating the subway signal and track infrastructure to improve performance, implement a station management model, acquire new subway cars and implement a new open fare payment system. * Information source: mta.info/nyct, MTA reports
TriMet provides, bus, light-rail and commuter-rail service in the Portland, Oregon, region. Service launched: Metropolitan Area Express (MAX) opened in 1986 on a 15-mile of alignment between Gresham and downtown Portland Miles: 60 light rail, 15 commuter rail Rolling stock: 145 MAX light-rail cars, 6 WES commuter-rail trains (FY2019) Ridership: 9,321,126 rides per year, light and commuter rail Annual operating cost: $684.2 million (proposed, FY2020) Annual capital costs: $330.4 million (Capital Improvement Program, FY2020) Stations: 97 MAX, 5 WES Major capital projects: Southwest Corridor Project. The region’s next MAX light-rail line will connect downtown Portland to Tigard and Tualatin. Projected to open in 2027. *Information source: trimet.org
Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority is the nation’s sixth largest public transportation system with an extensive network of fixed route services that include bus, trolley, trackless trolley, high-speed and regional rail serving 2,202 square miles across five Pennsylvania counties. Service launched: Heavy rail, 1968; light rail, 1969; commuter rail, 1983 Route miles: light rail, 42; heavy rail, 47; commuter rail, 280 Rolling stock: 924 rail vehicles, 15 locomotives Annual ridership: light rail, 24,720,500; commuter rail, 34,355,300 (FY2018) Annual operating budget: $1.49 billion (FY2020) Annual capital budget: $675 million (FY2020) Stations: light rail stations and stops, 670; subway, 53; regional rail, 155 *Information source: septa.org