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Amtrak President and Chief Executive Officer Joseph Boardman and a panel of transportation experts met yesterday at the National Press Club to highlight the need for the United States to invest in major rail infrastructure projects that serve national interests, such as the Northeast Corridor (NEC) Gateway, Chicago Gateway and Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency (CREATE) programs.Boardman and the panelists met to discuss the nation’s aging infrastructure, railway congestion and the lack of adequate investment to address solutions."Persistent underinvestment leads to [rail traffic] congestion — and the lack of investment threatens our national economy," Boardman said.Joining Boardman at the event were Tom Carper, a member of Amtrak's board; Howard Learner, founder of the Environmental Law and Policy Center in Chicago; and Jack Quinn, former chairman of the Railroads Subcommittee of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee and current president of Erie Community College. The three also served on the Chicago Gateway Initiative Blue Ribbon Panel, which Boardman appointed last year to examine recurring rail gridlock in Chicago. The task force issued its recommendations earlier this month.The panelists asserted that nowhere in the United States are rail infrastructure problems worse than in the New York and Chicago regions.About 750,000 people a day ride trains along the NEC, where Amtrak is the majority owner of the commuter-rail network. One of three jobs in the regions is located within 5 miles of an NEC station, but Amtrak is transporting the heaviest traffic in the corridor’s history on infrastructure that’s so old it's vulnerable to single points of failure, Boardman said.In Chicago, Amtrak shares routes into and out of the city with freight railroads and the commuter railroad Metra, which carries about 83 million passengers a year. The region is considered the most densely packed freight-rail transfer point in the world, handling a third of American rail traffic and 60 percent of intermodal, Carper noted in prepared remarks. "Railroad congestion [in Chicago] creates an annual economic vulnerability to disruption that runs into the hundreds of billions of dollars, as delayed trains disrupt everything from supply chains to individual travelers on their daily commute," Carper noted.Although there is no shortage of solutions to the problems, there has been a shortage of funding to implement those solutions. For example, the federal Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) grants — the only federal program that has funded CREATE projects — received a 2015 appropriation of just under $500 million, no more than $125 million of which can be used for one project, said Quinn. "That's just a fraction of what we need for a single project in Chicago, and less than 1 percent of the projected cost of the Gateway project in New York," he added.The panelists recommended changes to how transportation projects are authorized and funded so that it becomes easier for the government to promote major rail projects. They called for more innovative financing techniques and consistent environmental review requirements across transportation modes.Specific to Chicago, the Blue Ribbon Panel recommended co-located dispatching among railroads, improved operating practices by Amtrak and other railroads, and funding priority for rail projects."This is a fight our country needs to win," Boardman said. "It's time for us to build."